National Geographic : 1977 Jan
Refugees from urban life, the family of Victor Fernandez (right) lives in a home fa miliar to Cuban peasantry over centuries. In contrast to the rural migration to cities common in other Latin-American countries, the 50-year old farm laborer moved his family from San tiago because he preferred mountain living. Electricity and running water have not yet reached their thatched-roof house in the Sierra Maestra, staging area for Castro's guerrilla campaign during the Batista regime. Neighbors chat through the open windows of the three room bohio (below), shared by the family of nine. Evenings find Victor and Delia Fernan dez sitting outside with their only source of light, a kerosine flame (bottom). Although their housing may be substandard, rationed food, clothing, and hard goods here are on a par with Havana's. A free medical program safeguards the family's health.