National Geographic : 1977 Mar
MEDITERRANEAN SEA (ISRAELIOCCUPIED) * Amman Dead Sea EL JORDAN SAUDI ARABI. Agricultural areas of the Nile Valley shown in green. TREATY BOUNDARY SUDAN iTALY GREECE Athens* Crete Mditerranean Sea LIBYA SAHARA TURKEY IRAN CYPRUS SY RIA LEBANON*Beirut ISRAEL JORDAN Cairo* . EGYPT CHAD KILOMETERS 0 500 0 STATUTEMILES ,-o500 .Mi IRAQ SAUDI ARABIA edina Mecca SUDAN *Khartoum gA iT Inthrall no more to the vagaries SYPA of the Nile's annual flood, the Arab Republic of Egypt reaps multiple benefits from water in Lake Nasser behind the Aswan High Dam, completed in 1971. Extensive year-round ir rigation has increased food production, and saved Egypt from drought in 1972, when river flow was at its lowest in 50 years. As wan generators, producing six billion kilowatt-hours an nually, will light every village by the 1980's. AREA: 386,660 sq. mi., of which only 12,500 sq. mi. are arable. POPULATION: 40,000,000. LANGUAGE: Arabic. RE LIGION: 90 percent Muslim, 10 percent Christian. GOVERNMENT: Socialist republic, with increasing en couragement of private industry and foreign investment. 316 "