National Geographic : 1978 Apr
that the finished creation would be buried, instead of the people themselves. All figures stand about six feet tall. They look as alive today as their models were 22 centuries ago. Some appear fierce; others, proud and confident. A few seem to be on the verge of a smile. The horses stand four abreast before their royal war chariots. Some are incredibly in tact, while others sag against one another with broken backs and necks, though their magnificence remains undiminished. Artis tically, their classic simplicity and smooth, pure lines have survived the test of time. A thousand years later, the clean, curved jawline of these early creations became the mark of the famous T'ang Dynasty horses (A.D. 618-907), which are still imitated today. The tails of the Ch'in horses are knotted at half length. The manes are short, standing straight at the crest of the neck, except for the forelocks, which were left long and parted in the middle to curl around the front of each ear. The ears are set forward and appear tense, indicating alertness. Troops Arrayed for March to War The pottery legions were interred in stand ing position in battle formation, 15 to 20 feet underground (following pages). They occupied a roofed-over area extending 700 feet east to west and 200 feet north to south. They were arrayed in the same way that the emperor's live honor guard used to line up before it set off on a military campaign. There are 11 corridors filled with men and horses. In some the men march rank on rank. In others horses draw royal chariots. Each Four abreast, magnificently modeled horses prance out of their ancient grave.