National Geographic : 1994 Mar
LIQUID ASSETS, CASH CROPS Pitch oozes from the ground to form a great dark lake in southwest Trinidad. Discovered by Sir Walter Raleigh in 1595, it hinted of underground treasure. "Reservoirs show the same trends as Venezu ela, a tremendous oil UNITED 0 400 FLORIDSTAS MILES S BAHAMAS Alan "Ve Ocean. 1% CUBA DOMINICAN PUERTORICO (U. S) BARBADOS rbben TRINIDAD SSea ," rOBAND TOBAGO COLJoMBI province," notes petro leum engineer Vincent Pereira. Sweet crude and associated natural gas fuel one of the Caribbe an's strongest econo mies. Even residents of tough neighborhoods such as Laventille (right), crowding above the capital, live better than many in the region. It was sugar and ( Plymouth eeft Caribbean Sea VENEZUELA A Puerto de Hierro (ulf o Point Cedros Pointf Soldado Fullartn p Rock :": San SIcacos Point ^^*^ / < oih Drew .: Bank..:' : Galera Point Matura Bay ande Cocos Bay :....... : .:., yaguayare Point cacao, however, that first made Trinidad and Tobago rich. Developed as separate plantation societies by various colo nial powers until Britain united them in 1889, the islands retain distinct identities-Trinidad run ning at city pace, Tobago rural and relaxed. ,arlotteville 'Little Tobago rough S Gas field SOil field * Oil refinery Jj Petrochemical plant SReef or shoal C Swamp o 20 MILES NGSCARTOGRAPHIC DIVISION AREA: 1,981 sq mi (Tobago 117 sq mi). POPULATION: 1.3 million (Tobago 50,000). CAPITAL: Port of Spain, pop. 51,000. ETHNIC MAKEUP: East Indian 40%, African 40%, mixed 18%, white 0.6%, Chinese 0.4%, other 1%. LANGUAGE: English. INDEPENDENCE: 1962. PCI: $3,240. EXPORTS: Petroleum, petrochem icals, steel, sugar, cacao, manufactured goods, processed foods, flowers.