National Geographic : 1995 Mar
Geographica Saving Memories Along the Lincoln Highway n the beginning the Lincoln Highway was a line drawn across a 1913 map of the United States, and a vision. The line stretched between New York City and San Francisco. The vision belonged to businessmen such as Carl G. Fisher and Henry Joy, who imagined a paved road over which motorists could drive their newfangled automobiles coast to coast. Creating the Lincoln High way Association, they mapped and began to promote a 3,389-mile route that, wags said, connected the nation's worst mudholes--like the one slowing this Model T near Ames, Iowa, in 1919. Federally and state financed, the Lincoln was "the first transcontinen tal highway, a new kind of path, conceived with the automobile in mind," says Drake Hokanson of Wisconsin's Lakeland College, IOWADEPARTMENTOFTRANSPORTATION(TOP) author of a book about the road. Interstate 80 has largely supplant ed the original road, but a new Lin coln Highway Association wants to preserve what's left. "We're trying to let people know what the Lincoln is," says Joyce Ausberger of Jeffer son, Iowa, who with her husband helped form the group. "We want folks to see the lay of the land-how the road follows the dips and rolling hills-and to keep alive something of the past." The 700 members in 38 states aim to list surviving segments on the National Reg ister of Historic Places, along with old gas stations, hotels, and cafes. They are painting replicas of the old red-white-and blue route markers, and are looking for some of the 3,000 posts bearing bronze busts of Lincoln set along the road by Boy Scouts in 1928. National Geographic,March 1995 How a Mexican Dog Made Its Way to Peru Venerable folklore in both Mexico and Peru esteems the distinctive hairless dog as a "living hot-water bottle" whose warmth eases the pain of rheuma tism. But how did the widely sepa rated nations come to have this animal, rarely seen elsewhere, and to consider it valuable for the same therapeutic quality? Ceramic "hairlesses" like this one (below) have been found in tombs of the Colima culture on Mexico's Pacific coast, indicating that the Co lima people possessed real hairless canines perhaps as early as 250 B.c . But no ceramic dogs, or any other representations of them, are known to have been created in Peru before A.D. 750, when they began to appear in settlements of the Moche people, says Alana Cordy-Collins, an anthropologist at the University of San Diego. Traders who sailed large balsa rafts along the coast between Mexico and Peru may have intro duced the dogs to the Moche. The traders sought a spiny oyster shell from Mexico for ritual use. "We believe they traded textiles for the shells and brought the dogs home too," Cordy-Collins says. Cuddly and warm they may be, but accounts from early Spanish conquerors in both Mexico and Peru report that the dogs once also served another purpose: food.