National Geographic : 1997 Dec
NATIONAL GEOGRAPHIC Cgguide Like an angry house cat, a Bengal tiger (below) flashes a mouthful. Lethal for hunting, the teeth don't protect against guns or loss of prey and hab itat. The cat's hope for long term survival is its allure to tourists, who can safely watch tigers from atop elephants in Bandhavgarh National Park. Tiaers in Trouble U The tiger faces many obstacles consider that an adult Bengal - -~--- I Examine the map on pages 14 and 15 and you'll see how much the tiger's range has shrunk. In North America grizzly bears, mountain lions, and wolves have also lost much of their original habitat to human settlement. How are these animals similar to the tiger in the way they affect people or livestock? How is the tiger's plight different from that of the North American animals? to its ultimate survival in the wild. People compete for its ter ritory as well as for its prey, and its body parts bring high prices. If you were pleading with a farmer, a miner, a logger, a deer hunter, or a tiger poacher to save the tiger, what are the chief rea sons you would give for protect ing these cats in the wild? * Perhaps the worst threat to tiger survival is loss of prey. To get an idea of what a tiger needs, tigress eats an average of 13 pounds of meat a day. For a 250-pound cat that's more than 5 percent of her weight. If a 100 pound girl ate 5 percent of her weight each day, what would her daily intake be? * Scientists studying tigers can distinguish them by their stripes. Can you spot the differences between tigers in the story-and recognize some from picture to picture by their patterns? USE GEOGUIDE ALONG WITH THE ARTICLE ON TIGERS IN THIS ISSUE TO CAPTURE THE INTEREST OF YOUNG READERS AND STIMULATE DISCUSSION WITH THEM. YOU CAN VISIT GEOGUIDE ONLINE AT WWW.NATIONALGEOGRAPHIC.COM/RESOURCES/EDUCATION/GEOGUIDE.