National Geographic : 1980 Jul
wires to generator, lights, horn. Soon the ex haust smoked, and another Traffic rolled off the Heavy Duty Truck Factory assembly line in an outlying industrial district. You can have any color Traffic you want, so long as it's army green. The factory's ad ministrative chief, slender, wispy-haired Wu Yunfeng, told me, "We may offer light blue, orange, or yellow in the future." Shanghai's streets would be brightened. Later we talked in a reception room under portraits of China's heroes: Marx, Engels, Lenin, Stalin, Mao, Zhou, and of course the present party chairman, Hua Guofeng. It is not so farfetched to suggest that Chiang Kai-shek's portrait belongs in the factory's pantheon. As Mr. Wu observed with an innocent smile, "Chiang was a very good transportation officer for us." This factory grew from a shop that over hauled the booty of victory over Chiang's Nationalists. Engineers remember such names as Dodge, Ford, and GMC. The first Traffic, made in 1958, had an engine copied from a three-and-a -half-ton International. I went farther one day, across flat land studded with beehivelike stacks of harvest ed cabbage. Waves of bonneted women moved through fields of cotton, reminding me of Georgia when I was growing up. Twenty-three kilometers to the south west, I was in Minhang-but still in Shanghai. With 6,200 square kilometers, Shanghai has some of the farthest flung lim its of any city in the world. Minhang counts 60,000 residents. Its fac tories turn out castings, hydraulic presses, and generators. The planners erred here, a member of the street committee told me. "There is an imbalance between heavy and light industry, so there are more male work ers than female. It is rather hard for a male worker to find a girl friend." Planners have more serious problems than fine-tuning Minhang's romances. One of them cited the need to improve and vary World brain scan, now under way high technology: a fully modernized throughout academic China, is re- nation by the year 2000. flected in the Shanghai Library, The libraryis housed in the main where one of 5,000 importedperiodi- building of Shanghai'sold racetrack cals captures a reader's interest (above,seen at an unused entrance), (left). Publications in English pre- and is used primarily by scientists, dominate, followed by Japaneseand engineers, college professors, and German.The goal of China'spushfor university students.