National Geographic : 1982 Jan
TOLSTENHOLME TOWNE grows, expanded by four years of diligent archaeologicalspadework. The village, headquartersof a plantationcalled Martin's Hundred,proved the oldest British-American town planyet excavated when discovered on the much later site of Carter'sGrove near Williamsburg.A core of 30 to 40 settlers peopled the town, shown during its construction around 1620. Early digging revealed the site of a cottage (above, lower left), a company compound including a longhouse and a store, at center, and beyond, a palisadedfort. To that scene has been added the largestsingle building-the company barn, at upper left. There the colonists probably stored their exports of tobacco and lumber priorto shipping them to England. The position of the barnadds weight to the author'sbelief that the town plan paralleled a design used by English colonists in Ireland during the same period. An equally dramaticfind, discovered after the painting's completion, was what the archaeologistsdubbed the "Suburb" (farleft). Postholes define a homestead where at least seven people died. Four were buried together, probablyvictims of a contagion. But the others may have met a violent end, including the woman depicted on page 52, the grim discovery reinforced by signs that the house had burned,probably put to the torch.