National Geographic : 1983 Mar
Members Forum LIONS The photography in Lions (December 1982) was awesome. The moments captured radiated each lion's personality. Thank you, Des and Jen Bart lett, for your unerring patience that made those powerful pictures possible. Prisana Impson Denver, Colorado Thank you, many times, for choosing that won derfully expressive lion photograph on pages 800-801. Every time I see it I have to laugh. Forty years of my life were devoted to the care of a mas culine family-an opinionated father, an ami able husband, and three obstreperous little old boys. Most of the time I was able to love them dearly, but-once in a while-I wondered about a loud YELL. This cheers my female soul. Mrs. A. A. Archibald Gibsonia, Pennsylvania I am confused by an apparent contradiction. The Bartletts state that three lionesses and three cubs died of starvation during a drought, unable to compete with the males. Yet, later on they state, "The lionesses, being leaner and swifter, are bet ter hunters than the males .. ." L. M. Criddle Tarrytown, New York The females usually do the killing, but the males eat the lion's share. MEDITERRANEAN MAP The Society's new map "The Historic Mediterra nean" (December 1982) is a cartophile's delight, a veritable treasure chest of historical facts. David M. de Herrera Eagle Rock, California I was sorry to notice an error in the text on your Mediterranean map. It was printed: "Seljuk Turks . . took Constantinople in 1453...." However, the Seljuks never took Constantino ple. Nor did the Seljuk Empire exist in the 15th century. Constantinople was taken by the Otto man Turks, who still possess it. Gyorgy Ozoray Edmonton, Alberta Error, unfortunately, often arisesfrom conden sation. We were correct in saying the Seljuks resisted the Crusaders, but the feat of taking Con stantinople belonged to the Ottomans. NEW HAMPSHIRE The picture of the two Berlin smokestacks says it all about New Hampshire (December 1982). The smoke from two chimneys blows in different directions. I suspect that the smoke blowing against the wind is Yankee smoke, going that way simply because it always has and, by golly, always will. A. Stevenson Epsom, New Hampshire The telephoto-lens illusion of a Seabrook Station looming over the New Hampshire shoreline grossly misrepresents reality. And the caption "explanation" merely reinforces my belief that the editors know just as well as I do that far more people will be merely impressed by the photo graph than those who also read the caption. Roger T. Patterson Bristol, New Hampshire EL CHICHON A single-handed sailor has a lot of time to observe the weather, the ocean, and the sky. Sailing the Pacific Ocean on a small sloop, I was surprised by the lack of star-filled skies, gorgeous sunsets, and heartwarming sunrises. When, after 50 days of loneliness and sailing 5,000 miles, I returned home, I grabbed the November NATIONAL GEO GRAPHIC. I found the explanation for the strange gray skies, cold sunrises, poor sunsets, and few stars in the Pacific in "Fire and Ash, Darkness at Noon." Andrew Urbanczyk Montara, California ANASAZI The excellent article "The Anasazi" (November 1982) tells of photographs made by William Hen ry Jackson in Chaco Canyon that were lost be cause of problems with his film. Photographic film had not yet been invented. Mr. Jackson used large view cameras, making negatives on glass plates by the wet-plate, glass-negative process. From these large glass negatives, solar prints were made by exposing the negative in contact with the photographic paper in sunlight. This method was used until the 1890s. Hugh S. Espey, M.D. Quincy, Illinois Jackson noted of his 1877 expedition to Chaco Canyon: "Dry film was beginning to come in. ... I ordered a supply of 'sensitive negative tissue, supplied in bands.' Not exactly what we today callfilm, but it was similar.