National Geographic : 1985 Jul
Pieced together from Saddle Island, a four-inch-high two-handled jug made of tin-glazed Spanish earthen ware called majolica (lower right) may have held medicines or condi ments such as mustard. Underwater link, a fine majolica porringer (above right)was discovered beneath the re mains of the first wreck's sterncastle, quarters of the ship's officers, and may have graced the captain's table. All three artifacts date from the 16th century. They represent only a 16th-Century Basque Whalers in America sampling of the finds thus far excavat ed from several Saddle Island whaling stations-and we have located more than a dozen stations at Red Bay. The best may be yet to come. In 1534, when Cartier explored this coast, he was not impressed with the landscape, pronouncing it "la terre que Dieu donna a Cayn-the land God gave to Cain." It was from the sea that the Basques took their treasure, and it is from the land Cartier disparaged that we continue to reap riches.