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plant, was, as he put it, "observing the elec tions." I asked Navarro if he had given any money to the voters. "Not yet," he replied. In Caduawan barangay, still farther along the road, six men dashed out of the polling place and down a jungle path as I ap proached. Eulalio Arnoco, the official poll ing representative for the opposition, was bleeding from his puffed-up nose and mouth. "One boxed me in the face!" he told me, pointing after the thugs. "Then he drew his gun-and I ran away!" Arnoco's assail ant, villagers crowding into his little house concurred, was a policeman in the pay of Ramon Durano who came to their barangay every election day to make sure that the vote went just the way the warlord wanted. Arnoco explained: "He said, 'You do us a little favor, no? Suppose you just let us vote for the people who are registered but have not shown up yet.' I said, 'I can't do that! I've already done you a favor.' " I asked Arnoco what sort of favor he had done. "They came in this morning buying votes for 50 pesos, and they wanted to make sure the people they paid off truly voted for Marcos," Ar noco replied. "So I let them open the bal lots-but that was enough!" And what were they doing when I drove up? "They were stuffing the ballot box themselves." THERE ARE about 90,000 polling places in the Philippines. Marcos's opponents, the swarm of foreign journalists who descended on Ma nila, and such detached witnesses as mem bers of an observer delegation appointed by President Reagan agree that votes were sto len, bought, and miscounted on a very large scale throughout the country. Marcos him self told a visitor that his opponents had driven the price of a vote up from 50 pesos to 150. "We couldn't keep up with that!" the president complained. Ballots were counted unofficially by an organization that was called the National Citizens Movement for Free Elections (NAMFREL), which declared Mrs. Aquino the winner, and by the government's Com mission on Elections (COMELEC), which announced a Marcos victory. After the elec tion the National Assembly, controlled by Marcos's party, proclaimed him the winner. Although the scale of the irregularities The Philippines:A Time of Hope and Danger probably rendered an accurate tally impos sible, most observers believe that Mrs. Aquino was, in fact, elected to the presiden cy by the voters of the Philippines. In the end, however, the presidency was won in the streets, on live television before the eyes of the world. In an extraordinary display of what Mrs. Aquino called "people power" (the political movement her hus band invented in his jail cell was called Lakas ng Bayan, a Tagalog phrase that means "people power"), hundreds of thou sands of her supporters poured into the main thoroughfares of Manila. Hoping against hope for a fair election, a voter marks her ballot on February 7 in Antique Province on Panay. Former GovernorEvelio Javier, a key Aquino aide, was gunned down here four days later, and a pro-Marcos legislatorwas implicated.