National Geographic : 1988 Oct
NATIONAL 98 GEOGRAPHIC OCTOBER 1988 The Peopling of the Earth 434 With this issue NATIONAL GEOGRAPHIC enters its second century. In celebration we have added to this and the next two issues the equivalent of a 13th issue inpages, to permit a 538-page report on the world we live in. The trilogy begins with articles on mankind, ancient and mod em. November will feature exploration-led by breathtaking portraits ofthe Himalaya, with a unique high-tech map of the Everest region. We end the year with a new world map and articles keyed to a symposium sponsored by the National Geographic Society to assess the environ ICEAGECARVING mental state of our fragile earth. -THE EDITOR In Search of Modern Humans 438 Homo sapiens-"wise man"-appearedonly some 100,000 years ago. Who were these latecomers of human ancestry? Where and how did they live? SeniorAssistant EditorJohnJ. Putman and photographersSisse Brimberg andIraBlock follow theirfascinatingtrail worldwide. An Ice Age Ancestor? 478 Prehistoricart expert Alexander Marshackdescribes scientific efforts to LASCAUXCAVE PAINTING test the antiquity of an astoundinglyrealisticcarved image of a man. Treasures of Lascaux Cave 482 Paleolithicartistsrecorded theirworld on walls of a French cavern. Dr.Jean PhilippeRigaud,Sisse Brimberg,and NorbertAujoulat detailits glories. Weapons Cache of Ancient Americans 500 A Washington apple orchardyields the largest Clovis spearpointsever found. ArchaeologistPeterJ. Mehringer,Jr., and WarrenMorgan report. MOCHEEAR ORNAMENT Air Bridge to Siberia 504 Alaskan Eskimos reverse theirforebears'migrationpath, reopeningcontact across the Bering Sea. Wilbur E. Garrettand Steve Raymer go along. Richest Unlooted Tomb of a Moche Lord 510 In northernPeruarchaeologistsfind the spectacularburialplace of a pre Inca warrior-priest.Projectdirector Walter Alva, archaeologistChristopher B. Donnan,photographerBill Ballenberg,and artistNed Seidler bringthe Lord of Sipdn and his culture to life. AFRIKANERSTEELWORKER The Afrikaners 556 A new generationtries to outlive the stereotype of a rigid, God-chosenpeople born to rule. DistinguishedAfrikaner authorAndre Brink and photographer David Tumley sensitively portraySouth Africa's "white tribe" today. The Hmong in America 586 U. S. allies in the Vietnam War, nearly 100,000 of these Laotians now live here. Spencer Sherman and Dick Swanson document their culture shock. HMONGCHILD INCALIFORNIA COVER: A carving on Ice Age mammoth ivory may be the oldest true-to-life human image ever found. Photographby Alexander Marshack.