National Geographic : 1989 Aug
1899, after the sinking of the battleshipU.S .S . Maine just off the docks sparked the Spanish-AmericanWar. Cane sugar,which attractednearly a thousandships a year in the early 19th century, still draws traffic mostly freightersfrom East Germany and the Soviet Union, which unload consumer goods and oil. A modem threat to the port comes from ship bilge and nearby industries,which have left the harborheavily polluted.