National Geographic : 1960 Mar
logical Survey study of Hawaiian volcanoes, watched with members of his 12-man team in the Hawaiian Volcano Observatory overlook ing Kilauea ('rater. (losely they checked the seismograph needle as it flickered with the vast movements of magma in the earth beneath them. (utside, a party of wives and friends had gathered. for in Hawaii people run to. not from, an eruption.* The oval crater below them stretched for two and a half black and forbidding miles. The eruption was expected in the fire pit of Halemaumau, a 430-foot-deep crater-within a-crater. From the lookout in front of the observatory, all eves were trained on that 306 spot. At S:09 p.m . the sky turned red. on beyond Kilauea's rim. This was it--but in an unexpected quarter. The activity came from Kilauea Iki, a subsidiary crater on Kilauea's 4.090-foot crest (map, pages 322-3). There had been no activity there for 91 years. "We were set for it." Dr. Wayne I'. Ault. geochemist of the observatory, recalled. "We had every available vehicle parked outside and our gear all assembled. We were at the rim * S e,. in the \ l. NA. (;In: )(;Rt II(': volcanic c Fire. of the 50th State," Iy Paul A. Zahl. June, 19)59: and "Photonraplhing a Volcano in Action," 1h Thomas I. IlHargra\v, October, 1955.