National Geographic : 1960 Mar
the history of recorded Hawaiian eruptions. perhaps the highest in the memory of man. \We were to feel our feet grow hot from step ping on encrusted lava. We were to face heat so great-2,000 F. at the source-that it was like standing before the door of an open hearth furnace, and our faces were to redden as if they had been exposed to the summer sun. The lava pool that remains may take a century to cool. But volcanologists and the photographers who made the remarkable pictures in this issue were well ahead of us in reaching the scene. On that fateful Saturday evening. Jack Murata, scientist in charge of the U. S. Geo- G V)DMAN A NATIONAL GEOGRAPI IO(IETA Devil's Caldron of Liquid Fire Baptizes a Volcano Reborn At S:09 p.m . on November 14. 1959. Kilauea Vol cano in Hawaii National Park broke the silence of four slumbering years. The long-dormant crater of Kilauea Iki (Little Kilauea ) belched steam and incandescent lava from a dozen fountains and turned the somber pit into an inferno. Among the early arrivals was author Frederick Simpich. Jr., a dedicated volcano watcher. Hono lulu businessman, and son of a former NATIONAL 304 (i:oc:RA l i assistant editor.