National Geographic : 1960 Jul
Hawaii, U. S. A. far cry, too, from such industrial complexes as Standard Oil's new $60,000,000 refinery be yond Pearl Harbor at Barbers Point. The oil to be refined here will come from distant sources, for Hawaii's abundance stops with rain, sunshine, and fertile soil. Its min eral resources, save for low-grade bauxite which may become important, are of no eco nomic significance. Nonetheless, this mineral-short State is stirring on the industrial front. Canadian interests have joined with local capital to build a steel mill that is converting scrap to reinforcing rods. Two $12,000,000 cement plants are being engineered, one by indus trialist Henry Kaiser, who is now venturing many millions in resort development in this, his adopted home. Rotating Restaurant to Cap Skyscraper The sugar people, in partnership with Crown Zellerbach Corporation, are wind ing up years of research with operation of a pilot plant to make paper from bagasse, the residue of sugar cane. A full-scale mill is under consideration. Building goes on everywhere. A new $28, 000,000 shopping center midway between downtown Honolulu and Waikiki overlooks the sea. When completed, it will include a skyscraper capped by a rotating restaurant designed to give diners a 360-degree view of Honolulu. But the biggest growth is in the tourist industry. In addition to Kaiser's lavish Hawaiian Village center, Sheraton has just bought the four Matson hotels and announced plans for more. A local entrepreneur, Roy Kelley, has built his fifth hotel. Hilton In ternational eyes a beach-front site for its operations. Even the slower tempo of the outer islands is responding, with Hanalei on Kauai, Lahaina on Maui, and Kona on Hawaii all scheduled for new development. In this rapid pace, Hawaiians of Oriental ancestry are not left behind. Soft-spoken Hung Wo Ching, who went to Cornell Uni versity for a doctorate and then made a for tune before he was 40, recently took over control of Aloha Airlines. Already he has brought turboprop service to interisland routes. On the political scene, two of the three successful candidates for Congress have Oriental origins. One is young Dan Inouye, who fills Hawaii's lone seat in the House of Representatives. He won his Distinguished Service Cross-and lost an arm-while fight ing with the Nisei of the famed 442d Regi mental Combat Team in the Po River cam paign. "Though their casualties were tragic, the conduct of men like Dan in World War II brought our people of Asian blood to cultural and social maturity," the Territory's last Delegate to Congress, John A. Burns, once told me. "They had proved their loyal citizenship, and in doing so gained the self confidence necessary to assume a place of responsibility in the community. "Without their sacrifice, we might never have gotten statehood," Mr. Burns said, "though many others, of course, have con tributed to putting the 50th star in the flag." The Delegate should know, because in the Halls of Congress he himself is given a good deal of credit for bringing statehood to pass. Hawaii: America's Door to the East When I came to Hawaii 25 years ago, it seemed the end of the line, commercially and politically. All eyes were turned toward the mainland. Two wars later, all this has changed. Fiji and Sydney, Hong Kong and Tokyo are familiar now. Their aspirations not only for trade but for understanding from America are a vital and real thing to those of us who live here. The islands' brilliant young Governor, Wil liam F. Quinn (page 14), views our role in the Union this way: "We are a solvent enterprise with an expanding future. More than that, Hawaiian statehood gives tangible evidence to awakening millions in Asia and Africa that the United States is no colonial power, but means what it says about equality of races and the democratic process." Napali's Towering Cliffs Wall a Shangri-La Valley Accessible Only by Sea Ramparts of layered lava soar 3,000 rocky feet almost straight up along Kauai's northwest coast. Junglelike glens tucked amid the ridges offer an unspoiled world for the adventurous. Behind these cliffs lie the secluded valleys of the Napali men, who mysteriously abandoned their settlements at the turn of the century. White sand beaches often disappear when winter's stormy swells pound the shore. KODACHROMEBY NATIONALGEOGRAPHICPHOTOGRAPHERTHOMASNEBBIA © N.G .S .