National Geographic : 1960 Nov
P6rto, Birthplace of the Navigator WATERFRONT lights cast candle-flame images on the Douro River, and the glow ing tower of Clerigos church becomes a beacon at the opening of a nationwide ob servance of the 500th anniversary of Prince Henry's death. P6rto, often called Oporto, was known to Rome as Portus Cale, origin of the name Portugal. Here in 1394 the Eng lish queen of King John I gave birth to the Prince whose navigation studies opened a new world. Here, too, Prince Henry equipped the expedition he helped lead to Ceuta (page 639). Because their ancestors lived on tripe so that every ounce of meat could be salted for the Ceuta expedition, P6rto folk still call themselves tripeiros- tripe eaters. P6rto also gave its name to port wine, one of Portugal's most valuable exports. Shipped downstream from vineyards in the Douro valley, the wine matures in vats in Vila Nova de Gaia, on the near side of the river. Girls at the upper right carry casks of insecticide to spray vines near Peso da Regua, in the grape district. The dreamy-eyed boy leaning on his staff stares out to sea, as the visionary young Prince must have done. Another youngster with a toy boat plays in the alley just around 624 the corner from the house where the Navigator was born.