National Geographic : 1961 Apr
the Union. Morgan and his troopers met final defeat at Salineville, Ohio, in the Con federates' northernmost thrust. Copious notes along the coastline of the large map tell of the vital contribution of na val blockade to ultimate Union victory. They recount the exploits of Adm. David G. Far ragut, scourge of the Confederacy's Gulf Coast, who captured New Orleans and Baton Rouge in 1862 and crowned his dazzling ca reer by closing Mobile Bay in 1864. During this battle, Farragut voiced the immortal order: "Damn the torpedoes!... full speed!" This is really a dozen maps in one. The reverse side supplements the main map by spotlighting critical theaters of action. "War in the Southwest," at upper left, traces the 1861 campaign of Col. John R. Baylor's Tex ans, who threatened to win all New Mexico Territory--including present-day Arizona and the southern tip of Nevada- for the Con federacy. It shows the last land battle of the war at Palmito Ranch, Texas, on May 13, 1865 - a month after Appomattox. "Vicksburg Campaign," "Memphis to Huntsville," and "Nashville to Atlanta" cov er actions that historians have lumped to gether under the title of "The War in the West." A large-scale inset portrays the "Bat tles for Atlanta." Within the four-State area shown as the "Cockpit of the Civil War," the rival capitals of Washington and Richmond faced each other across a bare hundred miles of vicious ly contested ground. Here Gen. Robert E. Lee led his legendary Army of Northern Vir ginia in a series of slashing campaigns that still stand as tactical classics. "Of all the daring gamblers who ever wore an American military uniform, Lee unques tionably was the coolest," wrote historian Bruce Catton. Lee's memorable battles, from the defense of Richmond to the high-water mark of the Confederacy at Gettysburg, spring to life in the map notes. Stonewall Jackson in battered forage cap canters up the Shenandoah Valley, and Jeb Stuart flashes in and out of Union lines, even filching Gen. John Pope's coat at Catlett's Station. This "Cockpit" map also follows Grant as he bottles up Confederate armies at Peters burg and Richmond, and traces Lee's last agonizing retreat across Virginia to Appo mattox Court House on Palm Sunday, 1865. There, on a soft April day, Generals Grant and Lee signed the documents that ended four years of bloodshed and restored the Union. *Members may obtain wall-sized copies (42 by 321/2 inches) of the new map, Battlefields of the Civil War, by writing to the National Geographic Society, Dept. 65, Washington 6, D. C . Printed on both sides, the map is priced at $1.00 on paper (folded); $2.00 on fabric (sent rolled); postpaid to all countries. 451 HS EKTACHROMEBY NATIONALGEOGRAPHICPHOTOGRAPHERVOLKMARWENTZEL © N.G .S . Historic sketchbook holds maps drawn by Jedediah Hotchkiss, a Confederate to pographer. Underlying map shows the po sition of Maj. Gen. George B. McClellan's Union army at Harrison's Landing, Virgin ia, on July 7, 1862. National Geographic cartographers used such century-old war time drawings in plotting Battlefields of the Civil War, a supplement to this issue. Gen. Ulysses S. Grant 3rd inspects Na tional Geographic drawings prepared from the map on which his grandfather planned operations. Now retired, Major General Grant heads the Civil War Centennial Commission. He attended West Point with Douglas MacArthur and holds the Legion of Merit and decorations from six foreign countries. As an Army engineer, he super vised construction of Arlington Memorial Bridge at Washington, D. C. The bridge, symbolizing the unity of North and South, spans the Potomac River between the Lin coln Memorial and the Custis-Lee Mansion.