National Geographic : 1961 Jul
New Atlas Marks the JUST 185 YEARS ago this month, the big bell on the statehouse in Philadelphia rang out the great news of the independence of the Thirteen Colonies. From a small new Nation of two and a half million people strung along a narrow strip of the eastern seaboard, the United States has be come a giant of 182,000,000 Ameri cans extending not only from coast to coast but a third of the way across the Pacific and beyond the Arctic Circle. Hawaii and Alaska, the newest States, appear as insets on the Na tional Geographic Society's latest Atlas Map, The United States, dis tributed with this issue to a world wide membership of 2,700,000 more than the entire population of the country in 1776.* Yet when the Liberty Bell rang, Hawaii had not been discovered (Capt. James Cook was to find it two years later) and Alaska was little known except to Russian seal hunters. Young America Gazes Up at the Liberty Bell "Proclaim liberty throughout all the land, unto all the inhabitants thereof"-so reads the inscription cast into the Nation's Liberty Bell which rests in Independence Hall, Philadelphia. Like the one and a half million visitors a year who inspect the symbol of freedom, these Girl Scouts instinctively focus their gaze on the crack in the 2,080 pound bell. Tradition says the break appeared in 1835 while the clapper tolled the death of Chief Justice John Marshall. Pronged clamps mounted within protect against further damage. 62 A KODACHROMEBY DAVIDS. BOYER, 62 NATIONALGEOGRAPHICSTAFF © N.G.S.