National Geographic : 1961 Jul
In fact, in California, the resplendent animal is panoplied with a howdah of pines and palms, and it flaunts tusks of gold. In Auburn, at 1,300 feet above sea level, we saw our first palms. And a side road from this old gold-mining town took us to the saw mill at Coloma where James Marshall dis covered the yellow metal that triggered the gold rush of 1849 (below). Marshall's sawmill partner, Swiss emigrant John A. Sutter, had obtained a grant on the Sacramento River from Mexico. The gold Color Guard at Sutter's Fort Parades During the Pony Express Centennial Forty miles from John Sutter's walled head quarters, his sawmill partnerJames Marshall picked up the flakes of metal that touched off the gold rush of 1849. Once the base for hordes of prospectors, the fort has been re stored as a State historical monument. Col or guard representing Sacramento, western terminus of the Pony Express in 1860, ob served the line's centennial last July. Marshall's Monument on the south fork of the American River marks the spot where the Californian discovered gold. Fleck iden tified as Marshall's first find (left, below) belongs to the Smithsonian Institution.