National Geographic : 1962 Jun
Revitalized Paris in the spring. Soft breezes rustle the leafing trees, and the cries of boys at play ring out below the Eiffel Tower. "T DO NOT SEE," wrote Benjamin Frank lin to a French friend in 1787, "why you might not in Europe... [form] a Federal Union and One Grand Republick of all its different States and Kingdoms...." Old World statesmen today are moving toward fulfillment of Franklin's vision-in the field of trade at least-through the thriv ing European Economic Community (EEC), or Common Market. Dramatizing this unity, the National Geo graphic Society's latest Atlas Series Map, Europe, records a new name-Europoort on a mouth of the Rhine River below the modern Dutch port of Rotterdam.* Built on former wasteland, Europoort al ready channels oil, ore, and other raw ma terials to the heart of the Common Market and exports finished products. According to EEC blueprints, Europoort-meaning "Gate way to Europe" in Dutch-will be handling more than 10,000,000 tons a year by 1965 and, combined with Rotterdam, may one day be come the world's largest maritime center. 790 View from the 984-foot Eiffel Tower embraces The new map, with a scale of 150 miles to the inch, frames revitalized Europe in the full sweep of its geographic setting. The map stretches from ice-capped Iceland on the west to the wilds of Siberia on the east. Its lower edge encompasses the southern fringes of the Mediterranean Sea and runs from Morocco to the Persian Gulf. Europe Enjoys an Economic Renaissance On the left of the map, the six EEC nations -France, West Germany, Italy, Belgium, Luxembourg, and the Netherlands-form a giant "T" sprawling from the Bay of Biscay to the Baltic Sea and from the English Channel to the tip of Italy. By welding the economies of these nations into a single whole, the EEC has sparked the greatest boom in Europe's history. Industrial production within the vast market area has leaped 88 percent since 1953, and today the six member nations together rank as the world's largest importer, absorbing some 30 billion dollars' worth of goods a year.