National Geographic : 1962 Sep
Noble red man or howling savage? FROM the European-American's point of view, the Indian had two distinct personalities. East coast city dwellers regarded him as a splendid creature reminding decadent civilizations of the gold en age when man was free to live a simple life in harmony with un spoiled nature. To pioneers on the frontier, he loomed as a figure of terror and symbol of sudden death. This painting, done about 1820 by an unknown primitive, seems to combine the two points of view. The statuesque figure is believed to represent the Oneida chief Shikel lamy, whom the Six Nations of the Iroquois in the early 18th century sent as envoy to tribes in the Susquehanna Valley to try to stop land sales to white men. The painting was found in Sun bury, Pennsylvania, which honors the chief with a bluff called Shikellamy's Profile. AR WILLIAMAND BERNICE CHRYSLERGARBISCH© N.G .S.