National Geographic : 1962 Sep
coffee mixture he liked best. He said he was a good Brazilian and liked several blends, but he preferred mineral water. At the coffee exchange I was served some hard figures: That the United States consumes about 16 pounds of coffee per person per year, Brazilians about 6 pounds. That all coffee of fered for sale in Brazil must be bought-by the government if no one else bids. That of the $50 per bag the seller received at that time he turned over some $22 to the government for research and purchase of surplus coffee. That the government last year had some 373 million dollars with which to buy the surplus. A broker said: "If only we could drink more coffee, or produce less, or export more! Then the government could use these millions. We wouldn't have to print so much money." Another cause of inflation, some Brazilians said, was the high cost of Brasilia, the city that President Juscelino Kubitschek built from scratch in the wilds of Goias. (See sup plement map with Brasilia inset.) Juscelino-Brazilians like to call popular figures by first names-passionately promot ed industrialization. And road building. But especially Brasilia, to draw men to the plan alto, the 3,500-foot-high plateau where the breeze is bracing but the population thin. This dream of a federal capital in the in terior was 167 years old. Juscelino, confident that it could come true, said now or never. He spared neither the treasury nor himself. In the middle of the night he would pop up under the floodlights to spur the candangos, the construction workers lured from afar. 311 FACHROMF RY NATIONAl GEOGRAPHIC PHOTOGRAPHERWINFIELD PARKS (C N.G.S.