National Geographic : 1962 Dec
came little more than a cow pasture. The last ancient monument erected in the Forum, the column of the Byzantine Emperor Phocas (left), rose in 608. Just beyond it, the Temple of Antoninus and Faustina, built in 141, en dures as the Church of San Lorenzo in Mi randa. Colosseum and the campanile of the Church of Santa Francesca Romana jut into the sky. In the background, the Arch of Ti- tus commemorates the capture of Jerusalem. A fragment of the Temple of Vesta (mid ground) owes its restoration to Mussolini. Corinthian columns at right survive the Tem ple of Castor, rebuilt by Tiberius. Ruins of Basilica Julia (right), where law courts met, date from A.D. 12, when Augustus reconstructed a building erected by his great uncle, Julius Caesar. KODACHROMEBY NATIONALGEOGRAPHICPHOTOGRAPHERROBERT F.515SON (C) N.G.S.