National Geographic : 1963 Mar
"This is still a frontier state," Governor Fannin said. "We've just begun to grow." And a friend said, when I had been in Ari zona only a short while, "You'd better publish fast-before everything changes." Capital Rose From Indian Ashes Phoenix takes its name from the mythical bird that is consumed by fire every 500 years, only to rise triumphant from its ashes. Found ers predicted the city would "rise like a phoe nix" from traces of prehistoric settlement by the Hohokam, "Those who have gone." I had not been in Phoenix for 12 years, and I was amazed at its changes. I remembered 306 a luncheon at the Arizona Club on the top floor of the Luhrs Building. Then all Phoenix spread below, a compact, properly delineated town, closely hemmed in by groves of date and citrus trees. Many of the downtown side walks were covered with wooden roofs. Phoe nix had the look of a Western cow town. Today the city seems to stream off in all directions (pages 342-43). It is not an illusion. In 1950 Phoenix occupied 17.1 square miles; now it covers 187.4 square miles. Since 1948 more than 300 firms have set tled around Phoenix, many of them from California. The giants are AiResearch (page 338), General Electric (page 339), Reynolds Metals (page 323), Sperry Phoenix, Motorola (page 338), and Goodyear Aircraft. Lights wink on as dusk enfolds Tucson, grown from a mud-hut village to a city of 213,000.