National Geographic : 1963 Mar
NATIONAL GEOGRAPHIC SOCIETY WASHINGTON, D.C. 75TH ANNIVERSARY 1888-1963 Organized "for the increase and - E diffusion of geographic knowledge" The National Geographic Society is chartered in Washington, D. C., in accordance with the laws of the United States, as a nonprofit scientific and educational organization for increasing and diffusing geographic knowledge and promoting research and exploration. The Society has conducted more than 200 expeditions and scientific projects. It disseminates knowledge to millions through its world-famous National Geographic, its 23 million color maps a year, its books, mono graphs, bulletins for schools, its information service for press, radio, and television. Articles and photographs of travel, natural history, and expeditions to far places are desired. For material used, generous remuneration is made. MELVILLE BELL GROSVENOR, President and Editor MELVIN M. PAYNE, Executive Vice President and Secretary ROBERT V. FLEMING, Vice President and Treasurer FREDERICK G. VOSBURGH, Vice President and Associate Editor ROBERT E. DOYLE, Vice President and Associate Secretary THOMAS M. BEERS, Vice President and Associate Secretary VERNON H. BREWSTER, WM. T . BELL, HERBERT T. HENDERSON, C. VERNON SANDERS, Associate Secretaries ARTHUR B. HANSON, General Counsel COMMITTEE FOR RESEARCH AND EXPLORATION LEONARD CARMICHAEL, Chairman LYMAN J. BRIGGS ALEXANDER WETMORE Chairman Emeritus Vice Chairman Rear Adm. L. O. COLBERT Vice Adm. EMORY S. LAND HUGH L. DRYDEN MATTHEW W. STIRLING A. REMINGTON KELLOGG Research Associate Research Associate, Smithsonian Institution Smithsonian Institution CONRAD L. WIRTH WILLIAM E. WRATHER and the Senior Officers of the Society BOARD OF TRUSTEES GILBERT GROSVENOR, Chairman of the Board, formerly President, National Geographic Society, and Editor of its magazine (1899-1954) THOMAS W. McKNEW, Vice Chairman of the Board, formerly Executive Vice President and Secretary (1932-1962) ROBERT B. ANDERSON Secretary of the Treasury, 1957-61 LYMAN J. BRIGGS Director Emeritus, National Bureau of Standards LEONARD CARMICHAEL Secretary, Smithsonian Institution L. O. COLBERT Rear Admiral, U. S . Coast and Geodetic Survey, Retired HUGH L. DRYDEN Deputy Administrator, National Aeronautics & Space Administration ROBERT V. FLEMING Chairman of the Board Riggs National Bank CRAWFORD H. GREENEWALT Chairman of the Board, E. I. du Pont de Nemours & Company MELVILLE BELL GROSVENOR Editor, National Geographic EMORY S. LAND Vice Admiral, U. S . Navy, Retired, formerly President Air Transport Association CURTIS E. LEMAY Chief of Staff, U. S. Air Force H. RANDOLPH MADDOX Vice President, American Tele phone & Telegraph Company (Ret.) BENJAMIN M. McKELWAY Editor, the Washington Star President, Associated Press WALTER K. MYERS, M.D . Physician MELVIN M. PAYNE Executive Vice President National Geographic Society LAURANCE S. ROCKEFELLER Chairman of the Board, Rockefeller Brothers, Inc., and President Jackson Hole Preserve JUAN T. TRIPPE President, Pan American World Airways FREDERICK G. VOSBURGH Assoc. Editor, National Geographic EARL WARREN Chief Justice of the United States ALEXANDER WETMORE Research Associate Smithsonian Institution LLOYD B. WILSON Honorary Board Chairman, Chesa peake & Potomac Telephone Co. CONRAD L. WIRTH Director, National Park Service U. S. Department of the Interior WILLIAM E. WRATHER Director, U. S. Geological Survey, Retired Asst. Secretaries: CHARLES P. BIXEL, OWEN R. ANDERSON. Asst. Secretary and Asst. Treasurer: HILLEARY F. HOSKINSON. Asst. Treas urer: WM. H . McCAULEY HERMAN J. A. C. ARENS, Executive Assistant, LEONARD J. GRANT, Editorial Assistant, and Gail H. Carroll, Secretary to the President and Editor; Sibyl Peck, Assistant to the Chairman of the Board; Lenore W. Kessler, Secretary to the Vice Chairman of the Board 4 COVER: Monument Valley's Totem Pole, a 457-foot obelisk, soars above Navajo herdsmen in Arizona. KODACHROMEBY MARGARETDURRANCE© N.G.S. NATIONAL GEOGRAPHIC MAGAZINE MELVILLE BELL GROSVENOR, Editor MELVIN M. PAYNE, Executive Vice President FREDERICK G. VOSBURGH. Associate Editor FRANC SHOR, Senior Assistant Editor EDITORIAL STAFF Assistant Editors: Robert L. Conly, Allan C. Fisher, Jr., John Scofield, Mason Sutherland Issue Editor: Gilbert M. Grosvenor Senior Staff Jules B. Billard, Andrew H. Brown, James Cerruti, Nathaniel T. Kenney, Edward J. Linehan, Luis Marden, Samuel W. Matthews, Carolyn Bennett Patterson, Howell Walker, Kenneth F. Weaver, Paul A. Zahl (Natural Sciences) Foreign Staff: W. Robert Moore (Chief); Thomas J. Abercrombie, Barry C. Bishop, David S. Boyer, Kip Ross, Volkmar Wentzel Editorial Staff: Edward Cornish, Rowe Findley, William P. E. Graves, John R. Hoopes, Werner Janney, Jay Johnston, Stuart E. Jones, Robert P. Jordan, Howard La Fay, Bart McDowell, James A. Reynolds, Frank Sartwell, Peter T. White; Joanne M. Hess, Winifred M. Myers, Betty T. Sanborne (Assts.); Dorothy M. Corson (Indexes); Rosalie K. Millerd (Files) EditorialLayout: Howard E. Paine (Chief); Charles C. Uhl Book Service: Merle Severy (Chief); Wayne Barrett, Mary Swain Hoover, Anne Dirkes Kobor, Patricia Coyle Nicholson, Edwards Park, John J. Putman School Service: Ralph Gray (Chief); Liva Baker, Arthur P. Miller, Jr. News Service: Windsor P. Booth (Chief); Lonnelle Aikman, Matt C. McDade, Paul G. Sampson Television Service: Robert C. Doyle (Chief) Phototypography: Robert C. Ellis, Jr. Editorial Research: Margaret G. Bledsoe (Chief); Ann K. Wendt (Asst.), Levenia Loder, Patricia Middlemas. Patricia Rosenborg Geographic Research: George Crossette (Chief); Newton V. Blakeslee (Asst.), Leon J. Canova, Virginia A. LeVasseur, Jean B. McCon ville, Edward C. Schulz Library: Esther Ann Manion (Librarian); Virginia Carter Hills (Asst.), Katharine P. O'Donnell ILLUSTRATIONS STAFF IllustrationsEditor: Herbert S. Wilburn, Jr. Art Editor: Andrew Poggenpohl Asst. Illus. Editors: Robert L. Breeden, W. E. Garrett, Robert E. Gilka, Mary S. Griswold, Thomas R. Smith, Charles Allmon (Incoming Photogra: hs) Illustrations Staff Lee E. Battaglia, Donald J. Crump, Charlene L. Murphy, Robert S. Patron, Arthur A. Terry, Geraldine Linder (Asst.). Librarian:Caro Stillwell PictorialResearch: Walter Meayers Edwards (Chief) Artists: Walter A. Weber (Naturalist), Peter V. Bianchi Director of Photography: James M. Godbold. Asst. Director: Joseph Baylor Roberts Photographers:B. Anthony Stewart (Chief); Dean Conger, John E. Fletcher, Robert B. Goodman, Otis Imboden, Bares Littlehales, Albert Moldvay, Thomas Nebbia, Winfield Parks, Robert F. Sisson Photo Lab: Edwin L. Wisherd (Chief); Richard H. Stewart (Asst.), Milton A. Ford, Donald McBain, Robert S. Oakes, Carl M. Shrader, Guy W. Starling Engraving& Printing:Dee J. Andella (Chief); Joe M. Barlett, Frank S. Oliverio, William W. Smith CARTOGRAPHIC STAFF Chief Cartographer:James M. Darley Asst. Chief Cartographers: Newman Bumstead, Ralph E. McAleer Cartographic Engineer: Wellman Chamberlin. Base Maps: Charles L. Stern (Supervisor); Harry C. Siddeley. Physiography: John J. Brehm, Robert W. Northrop. Oceanography:Apphia E. Holdstock, David W. Cook. Transportation: Douglas A. Strobel (Supervisor). Map Drawings: William T. Peele (Supervisor). Geographic Names: Richard J. Darley (Supervisor); Russel G. Fritz, Donald A. Jaeger, George E. Stuart. Map Editing: Athos D. Grazzini (Supervisor); Carol J. Cunningham, Ted Dachtera, Richard K. Rogers. Admin istrative Assistant: Catherine M. Hart Geographic Art: Newman Bumstead (Chief). Artists: Irvin E. Alleman, Joseph E. Barrett, Gilbert H. Emerson, Victor J. Kelley, John W. Lothers, Robert C. Magis, Robert W. Nicholson, William Palmstrom. Research: George W. Beatty, Eugene M. Scheel SECRETARY'S STAFF Administrative: Raymond T. McElligott, Jr. Accounting: F. Charles Brown, George F. Fogle, Martha K. Allen. Cashier: Frank S. Delk. Statistics: Everett C. Brown. Procurement:J. P. M. Johnston. Payroll: Esther M. Lohrer, Marie S. Edwards. Membership Fulfillment: Roy J. Klockenbrink. Promotion: Stan Jennings, E. M. Pusey, Jr., Gordon Young. Accounts Records: Della M. Hurt. Personnel: J. B . Mahon, Mary Louise Cross, Frank A. Holman. Medical: Thomas L. Hartman, M.D. EUROPEAN OFFICE W. E. Roscher (Director) 161-166 Fleet Street, London E.C. 4, England ADVERTISING Director:John F. Connery, New York Advertising Manager:Harley L. McDevitt, New York Chicago: William Turgeon. San Francisco: Donald F. Mikkelsen Los Angeles: Jack V. Sheehan Automotive Manager: William A. Boeger, Jr., New York Copyright © 1963 National Geographic Society. 16th and M Streets N.W .. Washington 6. D. C. All rights reserved. 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