National Geographic : 1967 Jan
home from school, they prove today that a carefully planned garden city can be truly successful. And a generation from now, when those boys are the leaders of Brazil, I know they will value the endowment of nature that modern Brazilians are leaving them. "If I could become a child again, I would like to grow up in Brasilia," said Brazilian Foreign Minister Juracy Magalhaes, when we called on him in Rio. The Foreign Minister, a former Ambassa dor to the United States and an old family friend, talked with us at length over steaming cups of Brazilian coffee. Our conversation ranged as widely as our journey. Parana Plan Involves Five Nations "Here in this office just last week," said the Foreign Minister, "the Argentine Ambassador proposed a five-nation project for developing the Parana Basin. It would include all the nations that share the watershed: Bolivia, Paraguay, Uruguay, Argentina, and Brazil. We are now proposing a similar pact for de velopment of the Amazon Basin. And we need conservation on a hemispheric scale." To promote this cause, we promised to con tinue talks within our own countries and with each other, and both of us drafted statements for the press. In his statement the Foreign Minister pro posed an organization, perhaps under the guidance of the Organization of American States, "that would have independent means" or separate national committees that "should be given special powers and certain indepen dence of action in all American countries." I could not subscribe more heartily to the Foreign Minister's proposals: "To preserve and defend the flora, fauna, and scenic beauty of the continent...." Flying to Peru, the last country of our South American trip, we found a summation of all the geography we had seen: The nation has a desert on its Pacific shore, towering Andes in the center, and the humid sweep of green Amazonia to the east.* "We are planning a national park for each Stiff-necked vicufias stampede to safety as ranch hands struggle to doctor a sick animal at the world's only vicufia roundup. Three centuries-old Cala Cala ranch in Peru, fenced behind 31 miles of stone wall, attempts to tame the animals and cross them with domesticated alpacas. Resulting pacavi cufias give two pounds of wool a year-four times the yield of a pure vicuna. 114 region," said Flavio Bazan, chief of Peru's conservation, forest, and park programs. Nat uralists are seeking a coast park that can com bine the environments of sea lions and guano birds with what they call loma-rainless sand dunes with fog-fed vegetation. For their jungle park, the Peruvians are considering the Cutibireni watershed in the Cordillera Vilcabamba, among other regions. Because a party of daring parachutists dropped into this spectacular region on a National Geo graphic Society-New York Zoological Society expedition in 1963, members know something of its splendors.t Meantime, the Peruvians are already con serving Andean scenery. In 1961 they legally established their first true national park near *Kenneth F. Weaver described "The Five Worlds of Peru" in NATIONAL GEOGRAPHIC, February, 1964. tFor details of this jungle adventure, see "By Para chute Into Peru's Lost World," by G. Brooks Baekeland, NATIONAL GEOGRAPHIC, August, 1964.