National Geographic : 1967 Jan
Ships link the split country. Ocean freighters off-load in midstream at the port of Chalna in East Pakistan. They bring raw cotton as well as textiles, machinery, and other manufactured goods from Karachi to East Paki stan. From east province ports such as Chalna, the coun try's largest cash crop-jute-travels to world markets. Small square-rigged boats like the one in the foreground carry local cargo in this riverine land. Crude fibers make colorful carpets at the Amin Jute Mills in Chittagong. Long known as the raw material of burlap, jute now also combines with cotton to create patterns and colors resembling those of Persian rugs. Here artisans inspect completed carpets, correcting errors and snipping off excess threads. Jute grows well in the wet, alluvial soil of East Paki stan. When retted in deep water, the fibrous covering separates from the stem. Women wash the fibers in clean running water and lay them out to dry on bamboo frames. Carded and sorted according to type of yarn, jute mixed with silk, flax, and other fibers also goes into linoleum, upholstery, cable, twine, and dress material.