National Geographic : 1969 Jan
developments and at frequent public parks. Outstanding was the state's Short Sand Beach, near Seaside. I reached it by parking just off 101 and walking a trail through a cool, dark forest. It proved to be a surfers' haven. Some youths rode their boards in rub ber wetsuits, while others braved the frigid water without protection. Their girl friends watched from beside driftwood fires. "City of Roses," Oregon's Second Capital There is a lot more to Oregon, though, than salmon, sand, surf, and sightseers. More than three-quarters of a million of the state's two million residents make their homes in and around bustling Portland. After days of wan dering the coast, I paused for a closer ac quaintance with the "City of Roses," also called the "Gray Lady of the Willamette" for its ofttimes lowering skies. Many of its people live atop the beautiful Keeping his cool: Can a former resident of Antarctica find happiness in the temperate Pacific Northwest climate at the Portland Zoological Gardens? Yes, thanks to sprays of chilled water. This emperor penguin is one of three in the popular outdoor exhibit. West Hills, with majestic views stretching to the Cascade Range to the east and the Coast Range to the west. Abundant rain (they don't call Oregonians "webfeet" for nothing) helps account for Portland's profusion of flowers. In many ways Portland impressed me as the real capital of Oregon, although the legis lature meets and the governor has his office in Salem, 45 miles to the south. The state has many administrative offices in Portland, and so does Uncle Sam, since more than half of Oregon is Federal property, mainly in nation al forests and grazing lands. In Portland, the West Coast's second sea port after Los Angeles, one finds the big banks and law firms, the exporters and importers involved in heavy trade with the Far East. And such giant lumber firms as Weyerhaeu ser, Crown Zellerbach, Georgia-Pacific, Boise Cascade, and many smaller ones. Nobody expects to see lumber deposed as Lumberman's legacy: Timber magnate Simon Benson endowed Portland half a century ago with 20 bronze four-place foun tains in hope of slaking the thirst of his hard drinking loggers. Here a dapper doorman of the Hotel Benson stops for a sip. KODACHROMESBYBATESI ITTIFAI FS n N..