National Geographic : 1963 Jan
Tattered flag accompanied Adm. Robert E. Peary, discov erer of the North Pole, in 11 seasons of Arctic exploration. Mrs. Peary made the taffeta banner in 1898 for him to wear around his body. He cached cuttings from it at major ob jectives. Four pieces already were missing by June 28, 1906, when he planted the flag above at Cape Thomas Hubbard -now called Cape Stallworthy-in Canada. He left another scrap there and deposited a final slash at the Pole on April 6, 1909. Today Peary's patched Stars and Stripes is enshrined in the Society's Explorers Hall. For being the first to reach the Pole, Peary received the Society's Special Gold Medal. (Continuedfrom page 9) surveyed a selected area, analyzed its waters, and collected specimens of reef population. They have even built an artificial reef of quarried coral to study the rate and character of its colonization by plants and animals. And that hummingbird fishing rod? You will find the answer in Luis Marden's article beginning on page 80. Peary Conquers the Northern Frontier The spirit of scientific inquiry behind such projects is a direct legacy from those 33 men who founded the Society, and from the great explorers of the Geographic's earliest years. As this century opened, the North Pole stood as the ultimate geographic challenge. It awaited conquest by a dauntless U. S. Navy commander who had been gaining a repu tation for polar exploration. Robert E. Peary had written for the NA TIONAL GEOGRAPHIC in its very first year Vol. I, No. 4-an account of his trip across Nicaragua to trace the route of a proposed canal. When he began his relentless drives into the frozen north, the Society encouraged and supported him. Peary lost eight frozen toes on one journey. On another he broke his leg. But he would not surrender his dream.