National Geographic : 1963 Jul
HS EKTACHROME© NATIONAL GEOGRAPHICSOCIETY Artists and writers frequent a cafe in "The Village," Toronto's Bohemian quarter. Squeezed amid busy streets, The Village is threatened by expanding neighbors. You can't drive casually around huge On tario as you would England or Maine. We would have to break our circuit into several trips. First we would visit that rich industrial and agricultural section southwest of Toronto (see supplement map). Hamilton Steel Creates Niagara Power The multilane Queen Elizabeth Way took us to Hamilton, Ontario's third largest city (after Toronto and Ottawa). Ten years earlier I had visited its art gallery, its handsome Royal Botanical Gardens, and McMaster University. This time I toured one of the mills that make 60 percent of Canada's steel (pages 74-5). Mountains of pelletized ore and reddish hematite awaited their turns in the glowing furnaces; docks received some of the 450 vessels that annually unload here. I wondered where this obviously non mining area got its ore and coke. "Although this is an almost entirely Ca- nadian-owned concern," a spokesman for the Steel Company of Canada, Ltd., told me, "most of our ore comes from the Mesabi Range of Minnesota, the coking coal from Pennsylvania and West Virginia. Only lime stone-the third essential-comes from the Hamilton area." Much of Hamilton's steel traveled only a few miles southeast, to build the tremendous new system of hydroelectric plants on the 36-mile-long Niagara River. These new pow er installations, in turn, have stimulated On tario's industrial growth. "Capacity on the Canadian side totals two million kilowatts," an official of the Queens ton plant told me. "Generators on the New York side produce an equal amount." * Besides turning the wheels of industry, Niagara's power also creates beauty. Some of it goes back to floodlight the falls themselves, an attraction that last year drew more than *See "Niagara Falls," photographs by Walter Meayers Edwards, NATIONAL GEOGRAPHIC, April, 1963.