National Geographic : 1963 Jul
KODACHROMES BY NATIONAL GEOGRAPHICPHOTOGRAPHERJAMES P. BLAIR (0 N.G.S . tion, though. Mostly, it takes searching to glimpse ante bellum Dixie along Grant's an gular 130-mile line of march-from Bruins burg to Jackson to Vicksburg. All along it time has covered the old way of life as well as the signs of battle. We continued northeasterly from Port Gib son to the town of Raymond. Cattle browsed where cotton once stood; cotton is planted on a smaller scale now, and beef is of growing importance. Woods have come in where Reb el and Yankee struggled; lumber, pulpwood, and paper now are major industries. Outside Raymond, 3,000 Confederates fought 10,000 Federals, and each side lost about 500 men. You pass the unmarked bat tlefield today without knowing it. (Continued on page 49) Civil War Students on Champion Hill Review the Campaign's Climactic Battle Fresh from victories near Raymond and Jackson, Grant began his drive west to Vicksburg. Confederates under Lt. Gen. John C. Pemberton were maneuvering athwart the Union's line of march when Grant struck on May 16. Southern artillery on the crest of Cham pion Hill blasted advancing Union infantry. In the seesaw battle the hill changed hands three times, but repeated attacks drove the Southerners from the field. That night a Union officer "lay down per fectly fatigued and exhausted, and slept as only the soldier can sleep." It was the sleep of victory, for at Champion Hill Grant sealed the fate of Vicksburg and took a long stride toward becoming commanding gen eral of Union Armies.