National Geographic : 1963 Aug
Electronic Wizardry Produces a Lincoln Who Stands and Talks Battery of machines at left records on magnetic tape the voice and move ments of the robot. Responding to the tape, an intricate system of pis tons inside the plastic figure enables it to make 22 different motions. Disney engineers built the Lincoln image for the "One Nation Under God" exhibit, a future Disneyland attraction. In the Hall of Presidents it will sit among life-size statues of the 33 other Chief Executives. At the finale, the effigy will rise from a chair (opposite) and make a three-minute speech of famous excerpts from Lin coln's addresses. Muscles of Steel Flex the Face of Lincoln Large coil on the top of the head pow ers the jaw (lower left). After covering the head with a rigid plastic skull, a technician zips up the skin of flexi ble plastic (below). An artificial-eye maker supplied the plastic eyes, a wigmaker the human hair. Mechanical Lincoln raises eye brows and lifts the tongue while speaking (opposite, lower); the actions employ two of its 15 facial expressions. The figure's makers used Lincoln's life mask as their guide.