National Geographic : 1964 Jan
HS EKTACHROME(ABOVE) AND KODACHROME In the heart of the Capitol-the 96-foot wide Rotunda beneath the great dome-five million pilgrims pause each year to get their bearings as they visit the fountainhead of the Nation's laws. In the paintings, Corn wallis's troops surrender (left), Washington becomes a private citizen as the Revolution ends, Pilgrims leave the Old World, and Columbus sets foot in the New (page 10). The Rotunda was a no man's land in the Capitol's early days because neither House nor Senate would assume responsibility for it. Peddlers moved in, and visitors could buy apple peelers or corn shellers here, or view a panorama of Paris for 50 cents. Child's arms reach up toward a contemplative Lincoln, a statue by Vinnie Ream (left), from sketches made in her teens. A friend asked Lincoln to pose for the artistically talented girl, explaining that she was a Government clerk who made only $600 a year. "Well, that's nothing agin' her," remarked Lin coln, dropping into dialect, and agreed. Congress paid her $15,000 for the statue LBRARY OF CONGRESS and unveiled it in 1871.