National Geographic : 1964 Sep
KODACHROMESBY BATES LITTLEHALES AND EKTACHROME(LOWER) BY EMORY KRISTOF C N.G.S . Teataster at work: Sipping from cups ringing his table, Wil liam Hall decides which flavor, bouquet, and body make the ideal blend for McCormick and Company, world's largest spice and extract house. Windows look out on busy piers where freighters unload exotic cargo from around the world. In total tonnage, Baltimore ranks fifth among U. S. ports. Birthplace of "The Star-Spangled Banner," star-shaped Fort McHenry lies at the mouth of Baltimore's inner harbor. From a ship, Francis Scott Key watched the British fleet at tack on September 13, 1814, and saw by the light of dawn his country's flag still "gallantly streaming" after 25 hours of cannonading. A national monument and historic shrine since 1939, the fort on Whetstone Point attracts more than half a million visitors a year. It is one of the few places in the United States where the flag flies 24 hours a day. Others include Flag House Square in Baltimore and the Marine Corps Memorial (Iwo Jima Statue) in Arlington, Virginia. Reseeding of Mc Henry's lawns created the swirling patterns in this aerial view. Molten iron flows from a blast furnace at the Bethlehem Steel Company's Sparrows Point plant near Baltimore, largest in the country. Worker in aluminized asbestos suit oversees loading of a refractory-lined "submarine car" below the floor, which carries fiery metal to open-hearth furnaces for refining.