National Geographic : 1964 Sep
a training camp in Puerto Rico. Now there are two camps there, named for David Crozier and Lawrence Radley, the first two among eight Volunteers who have lost their lives in Peace Corps service. Located 12 miles south of Arecibo, these two camps are principally for Volunteers who will serve in Latin America. Here they receive a transition to Spanish culture as well as a chance to look at Puerto Rico's own emi nently successful experiment in self-develop ment, called "Operation Bootstrap." * At Camps Crozier and Radley, Volunteers are called upon to try a difficult obstacle course, scale a rock wall with climbing ropes, and rappel down the face of Dos Bocas Dam. Aside from physical conditioning, these exer cises present challenging and, for most train ees, unprecedented situations. Here Volun teers must summon up unexpected resources within themselves, call forth new strengths and build confidence (page 305). The increase in requests for community development led to establishment of a third Peace Corps camp, in northern New Mexico. Here, under the supervision of the University of New Mexico, trainees perform valuable 308 field work on Indian reservations and in Spanish-speaking communities. The area's aridity typifies conditions Volunteers encoun ter in much of the world. Still a fourth camp has since been devel oped in the Waipio Valley on the island of Hawaii, primarily for Volunteers headed for the Far East. The once heavily populated val ley had been almost deserted since a seismic sea wave smashed the area a few years ago. It had reverted to a primitive state. Prospec tive Volunteers have helped bring the valley back to life by building a reproduction of an Asian village complete with palm-thatched houses on stilts. In Waipio Village, Volunteers learn Asian languages, how to cook Asian style, even how to plow with a water buffalo (pages 302-3). The camp is run by the University of Hawaii. Although emphasizing the practical work Volunteers will be doing, training programs include other instruction: history, customs, health problems, and culture of the country to which a Volunteer is going; a review of American civilization; world political prob lems and how they affect the particular coun try; and some physical conditioning. *See "Puerto Rico's Seven-league Bootstraps," by Bart McDowell, GEOGRAPHIC, December, 1962. N.G.S. To manage a home in western Venezuela, a girl should be carpenter as well as cook and seamstress, so Hazel Pell teaches woodwork ing skills in her homemaking classes at San Crist6bal. Mrs. Pell shows teen-age school girls how to build chairs, cabinets, and clothes closets. She and her husband Charles turned management of their Indiana farm over to others for two years so they could serve a hitch in the Peace Corps. Finding Volunteers with farming knowledge poses one of the Corps' biggest headaches. Classroom clamor, the same the world over, greets Nan Borton in Antakya, Turkey. Stick, which Turkish teachers sometimes use as a switch, serves the Volunteer only as a pointer. Mrs. Borton and her husband Jim teach English and help plan community projects. Their story begins on page 331. More than half the 10,000 Peace Corps Volunteers work in classrooms. All must speak the local language, but most conduct their courses in English. In addition to his tory, mathematics, and language, they teach sewing, handicrafts, and art.