National Geographic : 1965 Oct
Child at work changes cotton spindles. In south ern textile mills one-third of the workers were under 16. Children sometimes labored 12 hours a day for only a few cents. Photographer Lewis Hine's portrayal led to laws regulating such con ditions. The first Federal child labor law passed during Wilson's Presidency (page 558). The man and the car: Henry Ford, apostle of mass production, sits in his first model of 1896. Ford's low-cost Model T put America on wheels. Frail flying machine lifts off for a momentous 12-second trip above the dunes at Kill Devil Hill on North Carolina's Outer Banks. During Theo dore Roosevelt's Administration, Orville Wright -prone at the controls-made man's first pow ered flight in a heavier-than-air craft. His brother Wilbur runs alongside to steady the wing. The historic date: December 17, 1903. greater political participation, to protect their health and morals, to restrict corporate encroachments on their rights, and to con serve the great national heritage of natural resources. These reformers sought also to propagate democracy and economic well being in other nations, and ultimately enlisted in a great crusade intended to make the world, in Wilson's words, "safe for democracy." Inevitably reaction followed, and in the 1920's the voters seemed to tire of Presidents 538 like Roosevelt and Wilson. They turned to Warren G. Harding, who tried to lead the Nation back toward a "normalcy" no longer to be found, and then they voted to "Keep Cool With Coolidge." Hoover Policies Reflect Changing Mood By 1928 their mood had changed again, and they elected Herbert Hoover, another progressive President and an admirer of both Theodore Roosevelt and Woodrow Wilson.