National Geographic : 1950 Feb
The National Geographic Magazine This helps make vitamin pills, dyes, sulfa drugs; also, it is used in purifying water. How versatile salt is! I paid my way into a show in Somaliland with a chunk of rock salt. At the dirty tent door was a barrel into which you dropped your "ticket"! One ton of salt is worth about $20. Think, then, what this astounding, more than 120 foot-thick Ohio Valley deposit is worth. It's a newsreel of American life to sit up in the wheelhouse, binoculars in hand, and ride down the Ohio on a towboat. That's how I saw the upper river, aboard the Neville of the Union Barge Line. Capt. George Mc Culloch, my host, gave me his guest room cabin and bath like ocean-liner quarters. Through his "bull horn" loud-speaker the captain could yell at people on riverbanks. Once, passing a picnic party ashore, I took my hoarse duck call, made by the champion duck caller at Stuttgart, Arkansas, and "went like a duck" over that bull horn. It magnified the ducky voice till it sounded like frightful quacks from a drake big as a dinosaur--all to the huge delight of small boys at the picnic. One day we saw a washtub, full of women's clothes and with a washboard stand ing in it, sailing gaily downstream. "What's the strangest thing you ever saw floating in the river?" I asked the pilot. "That tub, I guess," he said. "Also, I've seen haystacks with chickens on 'em, houses, lumber, trees-and once we saw a fat sow, swimming. The boys roped her and sold her to a butcher at the next landing for $30." A "New Look" Chemical Plant At Willow Island we passed the "new look" chemical plant of the American Cyanamid Company, more like the stately pleasure domes of a Persian palace than old-time factory architecture. To see its famous River Museum we went ashore at Marietta, Ohio, oldest white settle ment in Ohio, and first seat of government of the Northwest Territory.* Its river relics, boat models, and fading documents reveal the saga of this great stream. just as Cairo's museum tells the story of Egypt. They showed us the model of one vessel built here more than a century ago to haul corn to Ireland during the great famine. From Russell, Kentucky, and near-by Hunt ington and Kenova, West Virginia, coal moves in astronomical heaps. About old coal mines waste slate and mine refuse pile in drab, mo * See "Ohio, the Gateway State," by Melville Chater, NATIONAL GEOGRAPHIC MAGAZINE. May, 1932. 0 25 50 STATUTEMILES Highways *Litchfield 75 100 Mattoon i Shelbyville , Effingham Vandalia. IL IN OJS U:.sso .. Olney Centralia Salem MountVernon Mount Ic "Dixon KiEV3 ,q;N ......... .. MammothCave *- National Park < Princeton S+835 Bowling Green usa *Hopkinsville +1156 *Glasgow nS.J Haute WestFrankfort Murpjhysboro ..- "c Harrodsburg .. us Iso. "":,,US 150 Danville TU Mayfield. Dam 180 " 4 AO /!