National Geographic : 1950 Mar
You can guard against CO LD Most people probably average 2 or 3 colds a year. Ac cording to the United States Public Health Service, it has been calculated that time out due to colds costs working people in the United States at least $420,000,000 in lost wages a year. To help guard against colds, it is wise to dress in accord ance with the weather. Below are other simple common sense precautions that may also help to reduce the num ber and severity of colds. I Keeping in good physical condition may help ward off colds. Infection fre quently occurs when body resistance is low. To help keep resistance high, it is wise to get plenty of sleep and exercise, to eat a nourishing diet, and to avoid ex posure to bad weather. 4 If fever accompanies a cold, call a doc tor at once! If temperature goes up it may be a sign of influenza, pneumonia, or some other serious condition. Getting immedi ate medical attention permits the prompt diagnosis and treatment that give the best chance for rapid recovery. 2 Treating a cold promptly may prevent 5 If you have frequent colds, ask your other illnesses. Colds often lower the doctor about influenza vaccine. Medical body's resistance to other infections such science has developed a vaccine that has as influenza or pneumonia. The longer a proved helpful in many cases against some cold goes unchecked, the weaker the types of influenza. If you are especially body's defenses may become. Early treat- susceptible to colds, or if influenza might ment may help prevent such weakening, be more serious than normal in your case, and also speed recovery from the cold the doctor may advise immunization. itself. 3 Simple methods of treating a cold are often helpful. While there is still no quick sure cure for colds, many doctors recom mend 3 things to do when you "catch a cold": * Get as much rest as you can-in bed if possible. " Eat lightly and drink plenty of fluids. " Cover your coughs and sneezes, and try to avoid close contact with others so they won't get your infection. 6 Keep alert for possible warnings of pneumonia, such as fever, a persistent cough, or pain in the chest. Today, treat ment with sulfa or penicillin can control most cases of pneumonia. For virus pneu monia there are other more recently de veloped drugs which often appear to be effective. To insure the best results, however, such drugs should be given early. So, it is wise to call the doctor at once, if warnings of pneumonia appear.