National Geographic : 1950 Nov
671 U. S. Marine Corps. Olicial Marines Draw a Deadly Bead with a 3.5-inch Bazooka, America's New Tank Killer First used in combat in Korea, this 15-pound "stovepipe" hurls an 8~/-pound finned rocket capable of ripping 11 inches of armor. A reflecting sight allows marksmen to aim at fast targets. The launcher, recoilless because it is an open tube, can be fired from shoulder or bipod. Besides all the use newspapers and maga zines made of these pictures during wartime -all so interesting to people back home others of strictly military subjects were of infinite value to Marine intelligence officers. Today, in training camps, study of photog raphy is still a must. Navy Keeps Transports Ready Astonishment gripped the whole world when the Berlin Airlift was performed by British and American flyers.* Less publicized were certain hazardous but successful air hauls of mountainous cargo by Marines, as in the Saipan and Iwo Jima campaigns.t Not known, or even suspected by most people, is the Marine Corps' inten sive training today in the use of air transport, and in quick loading and rapid movement of large bodies of men, munitions, heavy guns, and other equipment by ocean vessels. In a big post like Camp Pendleton, for example, certain groups of Marines are left behind to care for the place. But all the others, when they received orders to Korea, had tents, emergency supplies, ammunition, etc., all packed; their big guns, bulldozers, tanks, landing craft, and other vehicles were ready to start on short notice for the docks at San Diego. The Navy, too, which owns the transport ships, has them ready, each earmarked for assignment to a certain seaport. "Plans are only as effective as the means we have for putting them into action," said General Hart, who commanded at Camp Lejeune at the time of my visit. (He is now at Quantico-page 663.) "Well, with the means you have, how long would it take you to get going?" I asked him. "In two days I could have a lot of 'em on the ships," he said, "and in about five days we'd all be out at sea, on our way." This is how the plans are carried out: Each amphibious assault ship has an em barkation officer, as has each principal Marine Corps unit. Working together, they utilize the amphibious troop commanding officer's list of all vehicles, supplies, etc., that are to be loaded-named in the order in which they have to be landed. To be sure that first things may be landed first, everything is put on the * See "Airlift to Berlin," 26 illustrations, NATIONAL GEOGRAPHIC MAGAZINE, May, 1949. t See "South from Saipan," by W. Robert Moore, NATIONAL GEOGRAPHIC MAGAZINE, April, 1945.