National Geographic : 1951 Mar
TO CAPTURE elephants with a miniature cam era, Quentin Keynes, great-grandson of Charles Darwin, journeyed from New York to equatorial Africa. A dozen miles from Nyeri, Kenya Colony, he stationed himself in a tree house (page 372). Toward sundown a herd of nearly 70 elephants emerged from the dense forest and gathered at a water hole close by. Before darkness, Keynes made all but one of these pictures. Every view shows tuskers which have always lived in a wild state. Here an old cow with tattered ears leads the half hour parade past the treetop photographer. Principal difference between the only two living elephant species, African and Indian, lies in the ears; those of the African are three times as large. Two knobs prominently mark the Asiatic head; the African has a relatively smooth brow. Sometimes reaching a height of 11 feet or more, the African stands a foot taller than its Oriental cousin. The Indian has a bulkier, rounder body. An average adult weighs between three and four tons. Man has not captured, trained, exhibited, or har nessed African elephants to the extent found in southern Asia; hence the Indian type is much bet ter known as beast of burden, circus performer, and zoo resident. Africa's only elephant farm, begun in 1900 in the Belgian Congo, domesticates the animals for agricultural work, road and bridge building.