National Geographic : 1952 Jun
748 National Geographic Photographer Maynard 0) en Willialms Aid to Turkish Farmers May Result in New Crops for American Fields Food and agricultural experts such as Hugh K. Richwine (left), of the Mutual Security Agency, teach the use of modern farm machinery on Turkey's high, hot, dusty plateaus. Seeds of drought-resistant and other crops arc sent to the United States for testing. A grizzled farmer and an official of a Turkish experiment station show Richwine a thick stand of korunga, similar to alfalfa but easier to grow. They wore green visored caps with brilliant blue bands around them. Their well-cut, well-pressed green uniforms were brightened with red facings, and the officers wore gold epaulettes. Clearly the Russians were taking this twice-weekly ceremony seriously. Their insignia showed the four men to be pogranichniki, or frontier guards. Although they are an essential part of the Soviet Army, they take their orders not from the Ministry of War but from the Ministry of Internal Affairs, the dreaded MVD. My Turkish interpreter, Capt. Ali Tokath, who had been trained in Louisiana during the war, whispered to me to come and see the show. "But don't talk English," he warned. "They mustn't know that an American is here." Probably the Russians were less suspicious of me than of the Turkish captain. I was wearing a dark suit with a white shirt, and I might have passed for a Turkish official. But Ali, who is as tall and rangy as a Texan, and as good-natured, was wearing a khaki shirt and trousers that were as American as a cowboy outfit. The Russians saluted; the Turks saluted back. The Turks handed the Russian com mander the passports of the train crew and the bill of lading covering, presumably, the single package in the baggage car. Bayonets Probe for Hidden Bombs I noticed a steel rail laid across the tracks as a barrier. The Russians lifted this to one side, and the train chugged slowly across onto Soviet soil. At once the Russian privates poked under each car with their bayonets, as if to make sure no bombs were concealed there. Then the train moved out of sight, behind the low hill that hid the first Soviet frontier post.