National Geographic : 1952 Dec
842 Pat Miller, Black Star 'Amman, Recently a Classic Ruin, Grows Like an Oil Town. Cars Clog Its Streets Jordan's modern capital is a far cry from that ancient city which Romans called Philadelphia. Arab settlers from Palestine have invested their funds and pushed the population to nearly 180,000. Block after block of new houses leave the demand for space unsatisfied. Clock Square's shops sell foreign goods; its buses load passengers for Jerusalem and Damascus. Umbrellas shade diners in a roof-top coffee house (left). The babies whose fragile bones lay beneath the yellow plaster floor of that long-forgotten temple in Jericho lived their brief lives about 7,000 years ago (page 846). Walls of Many-layered Jericho I asked archeologist Tushingham what char acterized a city of 70 centuries ago. "Community effort," he told me. "Neolithic Jericho is the earliest walled city of which we have record. Its people worked together for the common defense and developed a real community." So these crumbling mud-brick walls fore shadowed such 20th-century compacts as the United Nations and the North Atlantic Treaty Organization. Since Jericho's humble begin nings, men have learned increasingly the ad vantages of working together. At Jericho, too, I saw layer upon layer of ancient walls in a pit dug by William L. Reed, director of Jerusalem's famed American School of Oriental Research. Far down I could see one mud-brick wall which had literally "come tumbling down." I asked if this was the wall that had fallen before Joshua's trumpet blasts. "No" was the answer. This particular wall did not belong to the period in which Joshua lived. Within a radius of a mile or two of modern Jericho lie two ancient sites. Deep in one of these were the neolithic layers I saw coming to light under the trowels of the Tushinghams. In another lies New Testament Jericho, the winter capital of Herod the Great.* * See "The Ghosts of Jericho," by James L. Kelso, in the NATIONAL GEOGRAPHIC MAGAZINE, December, 1951.