National Geographic : 1953 Jun
Sscee o stepsons 1 Alaska, Seward's Icebox, slegingexploration 1914 S EA Became a Treasure Chest n* S Storkerson with four men ak Je C ded 4omilsin 6months In the 1860's, Tsarist Russia, considering Alaska a ake B e itdrifted 400 miles in mont hs S eeeY Point er\sland pt financial and strategic liability, offered the possession S.-- e' to the United States. Secretary of State William H. umi S. ia. . thi co. ... Seward snapped at the $7,200,000 bargain, but the .... * rjea * G, Bi:clln Senate ratified the purchase with reluctance. Wits 'edforAlfredUr ,GMto Michelonn+ 9 ^ 9 t eodpo M chion+ called the deal Seward's Folly and the new possession 9. I his "icebox." f . Since those times the Territory has yielded more thar, one ak*' added almost another billion. In one recent year the eSpike t cw fur catch alone sold for more than Alaska's purchase a" HudsonsBay ompanypost,1847. a53 * price. Some valuable forests never echo to the shout SC ot dest English-speakir g - "Timber " * inettlemetiAaskV " "Timber" i chron .cIeo " . Though rich in resources, Alaska remains underpopu -, _a- 1"'edhere \1 lated. Fewer than 165,000 people occupy a land twice 'ar - --- Fort Yukon . -- _ _ *o e B ver* r- ---- - as big as Texas, the home of 7,700,000. -.iiY''' ? \Founders supposed it . ;te vens. ftobeonArcticCircle At the beginning of the 18th century the North Pacific *iv. e' Circle.^ lay shrouded in a mystery that kept geographers guess *'Ramp Mengo : ing unti thed.2000 -year-old ing whether Asia and America were joined or separated. Unrsf t ifendegeto on a " To answer the question, Tsar Peter the Great sent b springs *Cha.ana ss Danish-born Vitus Bering eastward to Kamchatka with ke ranks Founded 19.,thEs For orders to explore the waters off its coast. In 1728 NSenana sMle Bering sailed through the fogbound strait that was to i A Chick en Jack e bear his name and proved that Asia and America were ,t cKIN y MCK)ey tayes .. separate. On his second expedition, 13 years later, the t4c]F ~ i4 .s I voyager sighted the American mainland and charted Sm!,A 'ey an a Mount St. Elias, but never set foot ashore. Russia's r Mt i'K .mb thway.i claim to Alaska rested on Bering's discoveries. He died S dis've ~ Firstmbe in 1741 on lonely Bering Island. tr 'ti"(ar cted 17Photo phedooardWhburn 8 Once extremely isolated, the Territory now lies only al risr.r I 300)n~tdl9f Poographbr aforsa es t arn eton radfor hb~r Sainfrda a few hours by airliner from Seattle, a mere 19 flying I FMo evgrphk Society n ..... S. .. r d farmsionee copperce* hours from New York. sinea935 Ce Mt. Blckburn /i 7 onAasd Hisfirst " -- 6 . d ,Si a a- o76 Nchorag d t al Georaphi oi - Amern d b Lb174r CA o 1,i0 "t Hope Portage NorthAmeCqssecondhghestpeakI fn SKGY na hiir discovered rnd nmedint890by Mt. l a enar Israelc. R self. leaderof Natonal- 9. t+ s c l " . SGeograp iSocty expedition it A s . . a " thho t t l gcha she KataloOl ya.S tohihan LFtAL laKai WA or 30 ye ,t S B s BradfordIWashburn. discovered these GLACI r ..- me caia Aftrse .as . bynument bynagich of K , 6aYket U S territorial capital, Oct 1867 e ruropedn intervention i e SpanishAmerica dcsre0thesr" r liDce Ru A step backward into Americas pcape Spencer \c nedV -s Js, liuss he\ the National Ge0 grphic S o ciety-ard < cictoaneag In rtyo 802Baranof establishedbrili 1a nt V izo isad1 ,5a cadpitaA ter massacres n gt s b nGLACIER BAY B"> s,i -d ' e " 1 glcitywasreestablished and namedN Aew Archangel. -- "rl a \'- Q U.S. tepbckwar di ntorial capital. Oct.18,1867 n ~' " ad rFin s °r SSalisb r 1L' In 1802 Baranof established brilliant o KMuzofonoean Don Ak i Iui 18e Russi rea til 4' 18rig c. y loo mileimsoffsouas0OT tei- -er \can isodth Gaci n. Chir~of Be'ig~s ieoenon. O nt, lqt . i0 STATUTE MILES 145' 1 !