National Geographic : 1953 Sep
347 Ray Manley, Western Ways Visitors on "A" Mountain Look Past the Business District into the Santa Catalinas Santa Cruz River, whose waters run north out of Mexico, flows at the foot of the hill. On its banks Father Eusebio Kino in 1699 discovered an Indian village and named it San Cosme del Tucson. machine and blast his factories and oil fields." Rehearsing against that day, Gen. Curtis E. LeMay's* Tucson flyers have been making mock bombing runs on places as far away as Minneapolis. Recently the base has added more refueling planes, KB-29's and KC-97's. Today many of the base's operations are geared to the aerial-refueling process. Planes on simulated combat missions gulp gasoline in mid-air. Few strategic places on earth lie beyond Davis-Monthan's range. Old Town Wall Has Crumbled Southern Arizona was acquired by the United States in 1853 with the Gadsden Pur chase from Mexico. Tucson, which calls itself the Old Pueblo, came wrapped in an adobe package, the mud wall surrounding the town. Behind the wall lived mostly Mexicans, some Indians, and American adventurers. Tucson's Spanish flavor survives, and In dians still walk along its streets; but a man of the 1860's would not recognize the place. If you stand at Congress Street and Stone Avenue, you will see the newer ingredients of the Tucson brew: descendants of the pio neers, artists with beards, New Yorkers in Cadillacs, college kids in hot rods. Carpenters and masons work far out into the desert; scrapers open dirt roads over night; but almost nothing remains of the town wall that protected the Old Pueblo against the Indians. Only a crumbling three foot mound of dirt on the Courthouse lawn survives from that barricade. * See "Air Force School for Survival," by Gen. Curtis E. LeMay, NATIONAL GEOGRAPHIC MAGAZINE, May, 1953.