National Geographic : 1954 Jan
117 New York Times-Asahi Iress A Volcano Clears Its Throat. Noxious Vapors Blacken the Pacific Sky RARELY has man had an arena-side seat at the creation of a volcanic island. Such was his opportunity at the birth of Myojin. whose Japanese name means "Bright God." The awesome spectacle occurred 250 miles south of Tokyo in September, 1952. Rising 5,000 feet from the bottom of the Pacific, the volcano made three attempts to add an island to the 1,500-mile-long chain stretching from Japan to Guam. After the initial explosion the volcano extruded lava quietly. But when water congealed the molten rock, sealing the vent to the underground magma chamber, the monster blew its top violently and repeatedly. One explosion destroyed a Japanese hydrographic survey vessel, killing 31 men (page 126). On September 18 the sailors above watched Myojin's birth pangs from the deck of Shikine Maru, a Japanese Maritime Safety Board patrol craft.