National Geographic : 1954 Feb
.I ,:-,Punyu Tmgkun. (Suntso) 15 ^CiH~iY^£2i^ ---- **- -2 ,,>cantn ... .Sunteng .Wham po..;n . ;, .... ":: Punyu ungkun S : (Suntso) * ,Shikiu Shuntakwan .Juigk, Kwaic.ow C Chungshan Taiyun 4765 S TaLin SSanTsao a's 1755 *Taiping SH Shekki) S"Namlong - Chungshankoi .Tsnshan I Macau T (Portugal) \ Taipa S, Coloane Taheng Chin 11330 Wanshan [Ladrone Tsia Islar C Sn R " Port Islan INKa k iort Sheler New Iowloon KT rp Kowloon . owloo .owloon^ Bay Victoria to0 a .. z/e t. r 150 cCoa ew V O N+, e HON G€i'^K ,ON - S. mrong g,, Bai and QL ,, STai Tanjjk, V ^ Bay ..| B" *t,! * ^.^ .~ lead 0 2 4 STATUTE MILES STATUTE MILES I- *Aberdeen .Sh atsing s Isli an , +, 19 Bluff 193 I 'N A Ta Sha Bay s s humW Ly e Namtow* ^~' T Deep Bay--- he-igg -- ' Yueldop Sou 7,9 Downs Taip Pingshan *Kan tin Castle Tai Mo Shan* gJubilIe. Rese voir Chu Lu Kok Island IiK Victoria SLantao sland 1so809Victoria ,' Taio 68 Aberdeen*' Ira Island Boundary of British Crowl and the New Te Chuntao eIslands] SiatuonalGeographic map urawn y Robert C. Ellis,Jr. and John . Brehm 11430 245 Britain's Crown Colony Holds a Beachhead on the Edge of the Communist World When British merchants set up a trading base on rocky Hong Kong Island, it was largely uninhabited save for smugglers and pirates. Today some 2,250,000 crowd its narrow shore and the Kowloon-New Territories hinterland. With Portuguese Macau, the colony is the last Western holding on the China coast. With a government marine officer I circum navigated the mountain-ringed harbor and caught the excitement of its world-wide trade. We circled towering freighters from a dozen nations, dodged ocean liners putting out to sea, and threaded a course through hundreds of bobbing local craft. A City Stood on Edge We cruised past miles of enormous docks, warehouses, and giant cranes. Near Kowloon new factories stood out boldly on the shore. From the water Victoria, rising abruptly under the cloud-capped Peak, looked like a city oddly stood on edge (page 240). In a small cove we watched Chinese ship wrights building junks by hand; near by we glimpsed steel freighters on the ways in large modern yards. Over the years the harbor has spawned hundreds of deep-sea steamers and countless wooden junks; yet here the land yields no timber or metal. Cargo junks moored in long rows filled one of the colony's typhoon shelters. Once they plied the Pearl River between Hong Kong and Canton, exchanging South China goods for the world's. Now, with China curtained off, they gather barnacles but still serve as homes for thousands. Chinese fishing craft just in from days at g - i "~"" i ~i ihatauo ' shlui---, ----- f p0 Mirs Point. SPung Bay High Island owloon Area of Peak Map Above ong Kong PoToi Island Colony of I long Kong erritorics Ny'L_ u11u1 .... u. i:__ rw.