National Geographic : 1954 Jul
Tibetans Know Everest's Sky-piercing Eminence as Chomolungma, "Goddess Mother of the World" Youngest of the world's great ranges, the 1,500-mile Himalayan barrier curves east and west in a protective ar that, through history, has blocked Mongolians and Tibetans from the lush Hindu lands. Twofeet 11 Sanskrit words-hima and alaya-give this vast uplift an apt name: "The Abode of Snow." From its glaciers stem three of India's holiest rivers: the Ganges,the ages, the Indus, the Brahmaputra. Mallory, gazing over into the Western Cwm on his reconnaissance in 1921, named it after highland glens he had explored in his youth. Cwm, a Welsh term pronounced "coom," is an enclosed valley, usually on a mountain's flank. Col, another oft-used climber's word, means a depression or pass on a mountain chain. Mt.Everest . . EA t os 450 porter's cardexedito oo20 0 5ons ofsuppies 175 mile'from '"" Empire State Golden Gate Bridge, 27-STATUTE MILES atmn t h ji Building 746 feet high, Stional Geograpic p ft be - IDA 1,472 feet high. 6,450 feet long.