National Geographic : 1955 May
ing the meal, so that one always had hot food. In Flanders one's host, whether in a restau rant or private house, is likely to feel offended if the guest does not eat a little more than he can possibly hold. Unfortunately, my good friends on the mole, like so many thousands of others in Belgium, England, and particularly the Netherlands, suffered in the hurricane and flood tides of February, 1953.* Raging seas badly damaged their restaurant and hurled huge steel gasoline tanks beside it 60 feet up the mole. New College of Europe Just as the commerce and industry of Bruges continue today, so the cultural life of the city maintains a vigorous growth. The Brugeois are justly proud of a new center of higher learning, and a hope for the future of united Europe, that has made Bruges its seat: the College of Europe. A poster issued by the college, printed in French and English, says: "Europe to live and recover needs: young intellectuals, to study objectively European problems; experts, political, technical, and ad ministrative, with a truly European outlook. For those two ends the College of Europe has been created. It is concerned with young peo ple who have completed their university studies; wish to complete their education in a wider and more international way; would like to live for a year amongst colleagues of many different nationalities and beliefs; who wish, at Bruges and in their later careers, to serve the cause of the free world and United Europe." The college teaches history, geography, eco nomics, sociology, European institutions, ad ministrative sciences, and international, com parative, and constitutional law. The faculty includes men of nearly all European nationali ties, and Americans have also served. The idea of the college originated in 1948, following a Congress of Europe held at The Hague. A Franciscan monk from Bruges said: "Let's have it at Bruges, because that city lies at the geographical center of Western Europe. Also, Bruges does not have one of the big national languages or cultures that would impose itself on the school." * See "Helping Holland Rebuild Her Land," by Gil bert M. Grosvenor and Charles Neave, NATIONAL GEO GRAPHIC MAGAZINE, September, 1954. A Liquid Lens Focuses Light on a Lacemaker's Flying Fingers In fine weather Bruges lacemakers prefer to work by daylight, sitting in their doorways. In winter or at night they use this old-fashioned device. The flask of water spotlights the kerosene lamp's rays on the bobbins. Modern lighting, despite its other advantages, does not give the same soft but brilliant effect.