National Geographic : 1955 Jun
New National Geographic Map with Notes Portrays New England, Past and Present 823 ONE of the earliest and most ardent press agents New England ever had was Capt. John Smith. To drum up interest in "those spatious Tracts of Land," the "Admiral of New England" issued in 1616 a glowing prospectus, with a map (page 824). Solemnly he pinpointed the area as "that part of America in the Ocean Sea opposite to Nova Albyon [California] in the South Sea, discovered by the most memorable Sir Fran cis Drake in his voyage about the worlde. In regarde whereto this is stiled New England, beeing in the same latitude." The 2,150,000 member-families of the Na tional Geographic Society who receive this month The Magazine's 10-color supplement map of New England will get a rather more precise picture of this historic region. They will not encounter Smith's spouting sea mon ster nor his fanciful leopard on a hill. But they will find a rich profusion of 4,442 place names and 553 descriptive notes.* Smith Found Indians "Goodly, Strong" Working south from Penobscot Bay in 1614, Smith noted "sandy clifts, and clifts of rocks ... planted with Gardens and Corne fields, and...inhabited with a goodly, strong, and well proportioned people." He could only surmise that the interior was very fertile. Those who scan The Society's map, how ever, will suffer no such handicap: they can range far inland, across the full breadth of New England and into extensive bordering areas. To permit a larger scale and to include the resort-dotted Poconos, Catskills, and Adi rondacks, the map has been tilted from the usual north-south orientation. Yet this newest map owes a debt to Smith's. For it was the captain himself who coined the name "New England," and it was he (with Prince Charles) who changed the "barbarous" Indian village names. On the Maine section of his map, for example, he turned Accominti cus into Boston, Sowocatuck into Ipswich, Anmoughcawgen into "Cambridg," and Ken nebec into Edenborough. Perhaps we should be grateful for his shortening of Cape Traga bigzanda to Cape Anna (Ann). Had Smith known about Massachusetts' Lake Chargoggaggoggmanchaugagoggchaubu nagungamaug ("You fish on your side, we fish on ours, and nobody fish down the middle"), he would certainly have approved the much shortened version resorted to by National Geo graphic cartographers: Chaubunagungamaug. The modern John Smith, journeying to New England by conveyances inconceivable to the Admiral, should find this large-scale map (12 miles to the inch) an invaluable guide to its pleasures and landmarks. Is he in search of sport? He'll note the U. S. Atlantic Tuna Tournament off Point Judith, Marble head's renowned yachting basin, Maine's game-abundant north woods, and New Hamp shire's many ski lifts. Does he prefer to ramble quietly through old and famous houses? He will discover a wide variety, from the 1640 Whitfield House in Guilford, Connecticut, to the farmhouse near Plymouth, Vermont, where Calvin Coo lidge's father gave him the Presidential oath of office by the glow of kerosene lamps. Of the aborigines, few traces remain. Yan kee guns soon broke the Indian power in New England, and in their manufacture laid the basis for the area's outstanding machine tool industry. As the map indicates, a superb collection of firearms has been amassed in Colt's exhibit in Hartford, Connecticut. Old Sturbridge Village, Massachusetts, too, boasts a choice assemblage of weapons. New England Re-creates Its Past Such villages and the many museums house farm tools, ship models, clocks, maple sugar products, dollhouses, sleighs, buttons, old patent models-anything and everything. For the children, whose attention may sag even sooner than their parents' arches, the map holds promise of a Wild Animal Farm at Hudson, New Hampshire; a colony of tame beavers at Terrebonne, Quebec; Story Town at Glen, New Hampshire, complete with Heidi's Alpine hut, the Three Bears' home, and the Old Woman's Shoe; and the Chinook Kennels at Wonalancet, where Admiral Byrd's sled dogs were schooled. For adults seeking repose, few places noted on the map could offer more serenity than the * Members may obtain additional copies of the Map of New England (and of all standard maps published by The Society) by writing to the National Geo graphic Society, Washington 6, D. C. Prices, in the United States and elsewhere, 50¢ each on paper; $1 on fabric. Indexes to place names, available for this and most other maps, 25o each. All remit tances payable in U. S. funds. Postpaid.